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四種別具一格的案例|燈光設計,正在改變世界

2018-11-28    

中國照明網報道

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導語: 在現代景觀設計中,照明藝術通常是方案后的事后想法。這項任務主要留給某個部門,后者又分配了與設計師腦海中不一樣的燈光設計。根據這個規律,人們不會期望照明直接形成景觀建筑設計中的主要概念。但是,最終效果告訴我們,這條規則有例外。也就是說,在一些極少數的精品項目中,燈光照明藝術發揮著核心作用,并在白天和夜晚都會訴說屬于自己的景觀語言,從而達到在不同的時間、在同一個地方提供各種體驗。

  如果我想在商店買一盞燈,而我找不到我喜歡的,于是,我開始聯想我自己會喜歡什么?我需要買什么樣子的更適合?然后我開始想象并占用很多時間。

  If I want to buy a light in a shop and I don't find a light that I like, I think to myself what would I like? What would I like to buy? Then I started to imagine and design it for myself a lot of the time.

  ——Marc Newson

 

1.png


  在現代景觀設計中,照明藝術通常是方案后的事后想法。這項任務主要留給某個部門,后者又分配了與設計師腦海中不一樣的燈光設計。根據這個規律,人們不會期望照明直接形成景觀建筑設計中的主要概念。但是,最終效果告訴我們,這條規則有例外。也就是說,在一些極少數的精品項目中,燈光照明藝術發揮著核心作用,并在白天和夜晚都會訴說屬于自己的景觀語言,從而達到在不同的時間、在同一個地方提供各種體驗。

  以下就是燈光藝術在景觀效果中的4個例子:

  Lighting is usually an afterthought in landscape architecture. The task is mostly left for the lighting sales representatives who, in turn, assign a lighting design that has nothing to do with the landscape. Given this generic rule, one would not expect lighting to form the MAIN conceptual approach for landscape architecture straightaway. But let me tell you, there ARE exceptions to this rule. That is to say, there are rare landscapes where lighting plays a central role in livening up the place. These areas develop various languages during day and night, thus offering a variety of experiences in the same place at different times.” Below are 4 examples of such cases:

  1

  2020世博會英國館,迪拜

  英國設計師Es Devlin被選中在2020年迪拜世博會上創建英國館,其正面石由簡單的LED燈結構組成。20米高的錐形展館將由一排突出的板條組成,這些板條從一個中心點向外延伸,形成一個圓形立面,最終將由眾多人工智能操控著LED燈組并形成“空間信息”。

  British set designer Es Devlin has been chosen to create the UK Pavilion at the Dubai Expo 2020, with a performative structure that will use artificial intelligence to write poems.The 20-metre-high, cone-shaped pavilion will be made up of rows of protruding slats that extend outwards from one central point to form a circular facade. Poems lit up in LEDs will scroll across the facade.

  

2.png


  英國館燈光信息理念的想法來源于斯蒂芬·霍金的最終項目之一:“突破信息”,這不僅是一個設計理念的突破,同時也是一場全球性的競爭。Es Devlin將她的標志性光與技術結合起來,將展館設想成一種向宇宙傳遞信息的裝置。而外部的參觀路徑是通過一個照明迷宮抵達,這個迷宮展示了英國在人工智能和照明藝術方面的進步,增強體驗感又豐富了氛圍營造,同時也令全球矚目。

  The idea draws directly on one of Stephen Hawking’s final projects, ‘Breakthrough Message’, a global competition.Working with her signature combination of light and technology, the artist conceived the pavilion as a device that will be set up to transmit a ‘message to space". Visitors arrive through an illuminated maze featuring augmented reality enriched exhibits on British advances in artificial intelligence and light.

  

  2

  Mifuneyama Rakuen,九州島

  人與自然之間的聯系是這個幻想的中心主題。多點幻想——來自這東京藝術團隊將景觀藝術與技術相結合,創造體驗感,讓游客身臨其境。其中,teamLab從景觀角度的一系列策劃,最終以“神靈居住的森林”作為“IP”主題亮點,并利用燈光,投影,傳感器和聲音將自然變成一件舉世矚目的景觀藝術作品。

  The deep connection between people and nature is the central theme of this fantastical -- it must be said, slightly trippy -- exhibition by teamLab, a Tokyo-based art collective that specializes in combining art with technology to create unique, immersive experiences.“A Forest Where Gods Live" is a digital landscape art project, that uses lights,projections, sensors and sound to turn nature into a work of art.

  teamLab 的創始人 Inoko:“我可以用自然創造事物”。用錦鯉和小船的舞蹈創造的蓮花水面;硯石,一塊9英尺高的巖石,由一棵活樹加冕,是一個照亮禪宗書法的畫布;巨大的杜鵑花園等等。Inoko通過在植物周圍隱藏燈光和傳感器來做到這一點,這種效果是神奇的,吸引人們注意自然世界的寧靜之美。

  Toshiyuki Inoko, teamLab's founde: "I can create things using nature just as it is."Drawing on the Water Surface with Lotus Flowers, Created by the Dance of Koi and Small Boats;Enso of Split Rock Maple;Resonating Azalea Valley。He does this by hiding lights, projectors and sensors on and around the plants, but how exactly the technology works is a closely guarded trade secret. The effect is magical, and mesmerizing, drawing attention to both the quiet beauty of the natural world, and the glittering drama of the digital displays.

▲錦鯉河

▲硯石

  

▲杜鵑花海

  3

  瑪斯達爾中心廣場

  阿拉伯聯合酋長國

  

17.png


  馬斯達爾城將把Eco2-Firendly-City和生活品質提升到一個新的高度,并向世界定義了未來的城市都應該怎樣建成。此外,正在建設中的馬斯達爾總部大樓屋頂上,將建造的巨大的可移動式光伏照明系統 ——這是世界上第一個。

  Masdar City will take Eco-sustainable development and living to a new level and will lead the world in understanding how all future cities should be built. Masdar headquarters building under construction receives its power for construction from a vast PV array on its roof built ahead of the remaining structure – a world-first.

18.png


  該中心將設有巨型智能遮陽篷,這些遮陽棚基于向日葵,在白天捕捉太陽光線,晚上折疊釋放儲存的熱量,第二天再次打開,它們會智能跟隨太陽的投射,在白天連續的吸收光源。

  Giant umbrellas, with a design based on the principles ofsunflowers,The solar powered ‘sunflower’ umbrellas capture the sun’s rays during the day, fold at night releasing the stored heat, and open again the next day. They follow the projection of the sun to provide continuous shade during the day. It will provide moveable shade in the day, store heat, then close and release the heat at night in the plaza of a new eco-city in the United Arab Emirates.

  


  “向日葵”照明系統的一些創新包括:

  ?建筑立面角度,可以改變以抵消或優化太陽眩光。

  ?墻面材料可響應溫度變化,并產生蓄能照明功能。

  ?水景可以在白天存放在地下,夜間可以流動,也可以由路人觸發。

  ?交互技術可響應行人交通并使用手機激活照明。

  Some other key innovations of the winning plan include: Building fa?ade angles that can be altered to offset or optimise solar glare. Materials on wall surfaces respond to changing temperatures and contain minimal embedded energy. Water features can be stored underground during the day and at night trickle or flow strongly, triggered by passersby.

  Interactive, heat sensitive technology activates lighting in response to pedestrian traffic and mobile phone usage.

  4

  自行車道,埃因霍溫,荷蘭

  工作室Roosegarde設計的這個騎自行車路徑,太陽能LED照明在自行車道上產生驚人的藍色和綠色閃爍的星星。其設計目的之一是為了紀念梵高在埃因霍溫的第125年忌辰。

  Studio Roosegarde designed this bicycling path as a tribute to Van Gogh on his 125th death anniversary in his hometown, Eindhoven. The solar-powered LED lighting produces amazing blue and green twinkling stars on the bike track.

  

24.png

  這種設計極大地推廣了這條道路,為城鎮的目的賦予了更多的意義?,F在,埃因霍溫人將它用于騎自行車,散步,聊天,浪漫以及之前從未發生的許多其他社交活動。

  This design greatly popularized the path and gave more meaning to its purpose in the town. Now, Eindhovenians use it for biking, walking, chatting, romance, and many other social purposes that never occurred here before.

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  作者|BHL貝倫漢斯

  內容來源|BHL貝倫漢斯

來源: 云知光照明微課堂

標簽:燈光設計  照明設計  藝術  景觀照明    

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